Charles I Poems

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Charles I
Charles I (19 November 1600 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. Charles famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England. He was an advocate of the Divine Right of Kings, and many in England feared that he was attempting to gain absolute power. Many of his actions, particularly the levying of taxes without Parliament's consent, caused widespread opposition. Religious conflicts permeated Charles' reign. He married a Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria of France, over the objections of Parliament and public opinion. He further allied himself with controversial religious figures, including the ecclesiastic Richard Montagu and William Laud, whom Charles appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. Many of Charles' subjects felt this brought the Church of England too close to Roman Catholicism. Charles' later attempts to force religious reforms upon Scotland led to the Bishops' Wars that weakened England's government and helped precipitate his downfall. His last years were marked by the English Civil War, in which he was opposed by the forces of Parliament, which challenged his attempts to augment his own power, and by Puritans, who were hostile to his religious policies and Catholic sympathy. Charles was defeated in the first Civil War (1642 - 1645), after which Parliament expected him to accept demands for a constitutional monarchy. He instead remained defiant by attempting to forge an alliance with Scotland and escaping to the Isle of Man. This provoked a second Civil War (1648 - 1649) and a second defeat for Charles, who was subsequently captured, tried, convicted, and executed for high treason. The monarchy was then abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. Charles's son, Charles II, became King after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.

sheep and lambs
 
 
All in the April evening,
April airs were abroad,
The sheep with their little lambs... [read poem]
reparation
 
 
For Pamela

For that one angry word I spoke,
And for her wild surprise,... [read poem]
the choice
 
 
When skies are blue and days are bright
A kitchen-garden's my delight,
Set round with rows... [read poem]
the mother
 
 
I am the pillars of the house;
The keystone of the arch am I.
Take me away, and roof ... [read poem]
upon a quiet conscience
 
 
Close thine eyes and sleep secure,
Thy soul is safe, thy body sure;
He that guards thee, h... [read poem]
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